The Pavement in Japanese Style Garden
Japanese style plays an important role in the oriental garden art. A traditional Japanese style garden is a quiet and peaceful meditative place which emphasizes the culture of Buddhist, Shinto and Taoism, meanwhile tries to make the tourists have the mental perception of harvest. The main feature of the oriental garden is the nature, this element is also the main characteristics of Japanese style garden. Geometry shapes and art stones are not common in this type of gardens, the more natural the garden performances, the higher role it plays in people’s meditation and enlightenment.
There are four basic elements in Japanese style gardens: rocks, water, plants, and decoration. For the application of these elements, we should always remember the natural theme, including the asymmetry, borrowed scenery, equilibrium and emblem.
In Japanese style garden, the main style of pavement is simple and natural, meanwhile, it is not a focal view and has not too much design decoration. Japanese style gardens often use detritus or natural stone for pavement, sometimes even use any pavement, just retain the original ground surface.
The pavement of Japanese style gardens often use crushed stone concrete, the surface of this material is uneven, even exposure pebbles and original stone structure. Detritus has the similar performance with crushed stone concrete, and have more variety of colors, but in order to maintain the natural theme of Japanese gardens, the best choices are colors close to the earth, such as brown, pale brown and white.
The design of hardscape in Japanese gardens, should as far as possible to avoid stiff vertical lines, focus on a natural shape and structure, such as the design of the terrace and the trail. Meanwhile, plant vegetation as more as possible, allow it free growth to cover the road. Because plants can disguise the concrete’s rigid peripheral parts, so that shows an overall view of natural style theme.
On the design of pavement, we can also choose dispersed small stones, and plant the small grass or moss in it, it makes the balance between artificial and natural effectively. Another way to balance the periphery of the concrete is to design a river and rock around it.
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